Wildlife in Italy: Wallcreeper Tichodroma muraria

Wildlife in Italy: Wallcreeper Tichodroma muraria

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Systematic classification and distribution

Class: Birds
Order: Passeriformi
Family: Tichodromidae
Kind: Tichodroma
Species: T. muraria

The Wallcreeper is widespread in all the high mountains of southern Eurasia, including the Pyrenees, the Alps and Altai.

Wallcreeper - Wall tichodroma

Wallcreeper - Wall tichodroma (photo Nikhil)

Distinctive characters

Average weight: grams
Length: 16-17 cm
Wingspan: 26-27 cm

Present the gray body, black tail bordered with white, black wings with white circular spots and a large central area red carmine. The wide and rounded wings, conspicuously colored in carmine red and black with white circular patches, make it easily recognizable. The beak is long and thin.


This bird is closely linked to the rocky walls, on which it nests and seeks nourishment.
During the spring and summer seasons, the rocks exposed to the north, cool and humid, at altitudes between 1300-1400 m and about 3000 m are preferred; in winter, on the contrary, the sunny walls are selected at altitudes below 1500 m; artefacts such as castles, towers, churches and dams are regularly visited during wintering and can sometimes be used as breeding sites. It feeds on small arthropods which it searches between the interstices of the rocks fluttering along the walls.
He builds the nest in crevasses of overhanging rock walls, often several tens of meters high. The female lays 3-4 eggs and hatches them for 18-20 days; juveniles stay in the nest for 3 or 4 weeks.

Video: tichodrome - wallcreeper - Mauerläufer - tichodroma muraria (August 2022).