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Wildlife in Italy: Jay Garrulus glandarius

Wildlife in Italy: Jay Garrulus glandarius


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Systematic classification and distribution

Class: Birds
Order: Passeriformi
Family: Crows
Kind: Garrulus
Species: glandarius

Species widespread throughout Europe, Asia and northern Africa. In Italy also present with two subspecies, it is stationary and nesting.

Ghiandaia (photo www.riservaduchessa.it)

Jay - Garrulus glandarius (photo www.willamette.edu)

Distinctive characters

Total length: 33-36 cm
Wingspan: 52-58 m
Weight 150-200 grams

The dominant color is purplish brown with characteristic wing coverings with blue and black bars; white spot on the wings and on the back which contrasts with the black tail.

Biology

The preferred habitat of the Jay is the deciduous forest: oak, chestnut and scrub woods. Very grumpy animal and difficult to approach; it lives in small groups flying from tree to tree. The mating period begins in March-April. The couples isolate themselves and provide for the construction of a very rough nest generally on top of the trees, where 5-6 eggs are laid which are incubated for 16-17 days by both parents; the young leave the nest after 19-29 days. Generally there is only one annual brood. The diet is mainly vegetable (acorns, chestnuts etc.) but also of animal origin (eggs and small mammals).
Seemingly heavy flight, beaten and gliding.

curated by Sauro Giannerini


Video: Slow motion clip of a small group of jays Garrulus glandarius fighting over food, Wales, UK (July 2022).


Comments:

  1. Poul

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  2. Csaba

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  3. Ambros

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