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Commentary on the head of the Spinone Italiano - Class. F.C.I .: Group 7 - standing dogs
Any club that wishes to deal with the Spinone for the uses for which it is intended (hunting tests and exhibitions) must first know its original Standard and respect its description, the Spinone is a unique indivisible breed, no adjective should follow the name Spinone.
The official standard must be equally unique and indivisible, only in this way will we be able to exchange pairs between Spinoni living in Italy and others living in the USA, or in other countries of the world, we could attend the same exhibitions where the judges will use the same rating meter , but the result will not change.
Spinone Italiano (photo www.delsubasio.it)
It would be absurd to import a Spinone puppy from Italy to grow it in the USA with a morphological standard different from the official one. OK! I have already said that the head is 70% of the spinone, I do not think I have exaggerated, on the contrary, we add that the behavior of the upper longitudinal axes of the skull and muzzle are to be considered as an index of absolute precedence in the evaluation of the head.
In fact, by prolonging the line of the nasal cane it must pass over the occipital apophysis thus determining the right divergence with the longitudinal line of the skull, in the head of the Spinone the median sulcus is clearly visible and starting from the craniometric point Nasion ends gradually escaping mid-skull , the basis of this sulcus is the metopic suture that divides the two frontal sinuses sagittally, then I would say that the upper longitudinal line of the muzzle is fine when it follows the median sulcus if this is correct.
The function of the divergent cranio-facial axes is very important in animal dynamics, in fact, this characteristic obliges the Spinone to wear the neck upright during the search to pick up the emanations left by the game, and, with this bearing one must necessarily trot, because to gallop you need a neck stretched forward which is characteristic of the gallop races.
However, the spinone is allowed some gallop time in the first moments of the search, in the re-entrances and in the ground already inspected, it is a gallop that stands out immediately from the others because its conformation does not allow it to relax, in fact, its standard pace must to be the trot because it is also a question of the brain, of the psyche, he does not have the chromosomes of the galloper in DNA.
In the Spinone the head must be proportionate to the whole, a Spinone that from the withers on the ground passing with the straight line behind the elbow, measuring 60 cm in height must have at least 24 cm in length of the head measured from the antero-superior tip of the nose to the margin external of the occipital apophysis.
Half of this length should fall in the horizontal line that joins the inner corners of the eyes, dividing the total length in half, that is: 12 cm for the length of the skull and 12 cm for the length of the muzzle.
The skull must be large, because as the great Cinologist Solaro said, everyone is aware that the seat of the intellectual faculties is in the brain, that the more a brain is developed and the more its convolutions have increased, the more intelligent the animal is .
To verify this development of the skull there are data available, namely the ratio between the width of the skull measured by the distance of the external margins of the zygomatic arches, and the length measured from the external margin of the occipital apophysis to the super-anterior margin of the nose , the value obtained is called Cephalic-Total Index.
In Spinone as in many standing and non-standing breeds, this value should be less than 50, i.e. the transverse width of the skull should be less than half the total length of the head. (width x 100 divided by total head length = cephalic-total index)
Width x 100
———————— = cephalic-total index
If this value is greater than 50 the head is considered large and defective, however it is necessary to carefully observe whether this increase in width is given by the protrusion of the zygomatic arches and the muscles that cover it, in this case the head is called massive.
Many times you can see Spinoni that have never even been brushed and that can confuse the eye of some judges, especially those who do not really know what are the characteristics that give the distinction, those who love Spinone and want to be sure they have seen well he will not hesitate to put his hands on his head, this naturally occurs in the rings, instead, at home every owner can pour water on his head or watch the Spinone after a bath or a swim, the merits, if there are they will come out and the result will be very interesting.
To have a fine and distinct head as you would like, you also need other details which are the chasing of the suborbital region, the marked presence of the interparietal crest and the highly developed occipital apophysis, the narrow and inclined parietals that give the skull the roof shape, long nasal cane and ram, the straight is also allowed, but the distinction decreases, the nasal cane must also be large ending with a voluminous truffle with nostrils well open, its shape is rounded, the lateral faces of the muzzle they must be parallel to each other, and the lateral profile is given by the lip, the muzzle seen from the front must be square.
The Spinone has its eyes in a sub frontal position, and this value in degrees is determined by the axis that connects the temporal angle with the nasal angle of the eye and the median longitudinal axis of the head, thus forming an angle of 75/80 ° degrees , this position allows the Spinone to have round eyes, this feature would be impossible to expect in a semi-lateral position as some have written and attempted to affirm, in addition to this, the Spinone is the only dog in the world to have a human gaze.
This time I added real photos where I drew the lines that are interested, please observe the longitudinal line of the skull, which deliberately passes to the base of the interparietal crest, thus leaving free the vision of the upper part of the skull which must not be absolutely flat; the angle value given by the divergence does not change and we can also observe the upper longitudinal line of the muzzle that goes over the occipital apophysis.
As for the ear I already had a photo with the description of the measure, we use that photo and add that the Spinone's ear has a shape tending to the triangle but its tip is rounded, it must be close to the cheek and have a slight internal volute.
Photo by Ezio Pagliarini (www.delsubasio.it)
In width it goes from the junction of the attachment of the head to the neck and reaches the middle of the zygomatic arches, in length it must not exceed 5 cm the lower edge of the throat in a normal position, a characteristic of the Spinone's ear is that it is never worn above, it is almost not erectile at all, in fact, if a Spinone wore his ears raised he would lose most of his goodness.
Spinone Italiano Bianco Arancio (photo www.spinone-italiano.com)