Breeds of dogs: Ainu-Ken - Hokkaido

Breeds of dogs: Ainu-Ken - Hokkaido

Origin, classification and history

Origin: Japan.
F.C.I classification: Group 5 - spitz and primitive type dogs.

Many experts and enthusiasts claim that this Japanese breed descended from the ancient dogs that accompanied the emigrants of Honshu, which is the main Japanese island, towards the island of Hokkaido, during the Kamakura period, in the twelfth century. In its home country it is called "Hokkaido", the name derives from the name of the island from which it originated. This breed was even declared a National Monument. The name Ainu-ken was given to him by the "Ainu" people, natives of the island of Hokkaido, who used it in the hunting of bears and other large animals. For this use it has been selected for many years, to make this breed very good in the hunting field, but also making it an excellent companion breed. Given the harsh climates of those areas, the breed had to adapt and develop a particular morphology which makes it quite resistant.

General aspect

Medium sized dog, very well proportioned. It has a robust construction and a solid framework. It has a toned musculature. The ratio between height at the withers and length of the body is 10/11. the ratio between the length of the skull and the length of the nasal bridge is 3/2. The length of the skull is equal to the width at the level of the cheeks, i.e. about ΒΌ of the height at the withers. Head large enough. Typical Japanese dog appearance. Secondary sexual characteristics are very pronounced.


It is an unsurpassed breed for endurance. It is able to withstand harsh climates and heavy snow falls. One of its most significant character aspects is dignity. It is a faithful and very smart breed. His courage is also appreciable. If used, it is undoubtedly suitable for being at home with the family. There are no problems keeping him in contact with children. He loves to travel and discover areas he hasn't explored.

Ainu-Ken - Hokkaido

Ainu-Ken - Hokkaido (photo

Ainu-Ken - Hokkaido (photo Midori)


- males from 48.5 to 51.5 cm
- females from 45.5 to 48.5 cm.
Weight: from 18 to 25 kg.

Trunk: very prominent withers. Croup correctly inclined. Back straight and strong. Moderately large and muscular lumbar region. Chest rather well developed, well descended and of moderate width, well-belted ribs. Lower line rather raised.
Head and muzzle: broad and slightly flat skull and forehead. Shallow but obvious stop. Straight nasal bridge. Cone-shaped muzzle. Clenched lips with black edges. Well developed cheeks.
Truffle: black, light color admitted in the subjects with white coat.
Teeth: strong, regularly aligned, complete in number and highly developed. Scissor closure.
Neck: powerful and muscular. Without baleen.
Ears: small, triangular, slightly inclined forward and kept strongly pricked.
Eyes: relatively small, almost triangular in shape, well spaced and dark brown in color.
Limbs: front with straight arm, with pure lines. Metacarpus slightly inclined. Powerful hindquarters. Resistant and very robust hocks. The feet have well arched and tightened toes. Hard and elastic pads. Hard and black or dark nails.
Pace: active, lively, light and elastic.
Shoulder: moderately inclined.
Musculature: developed and evident throughout the body.
Upper line: straight.
Tail: with high, thick attachment, carried on the back strongly rolled or curved in the shape of a sickle; the end reaches the level of the grassella when it is lowered.
Hair: coarse and straight covering hair, soft and dense undercoat. The hair of the tail is rather long and not too thick.
Allowed colors: sesame (tawny red hair with black tips), striped, red, black, black and tan, white.
Most common defects: prognathism, enognatism, cryptorchidism, monorchidism, colors other than those indicated by the standard, straight shoulder, ambit, non-standard sizes, lack of premolars, short or leaning tail, ears worn not straight, fearful character, defective rear end, incorrect movement.

curated by Vinattieri Federico -

Video: All Dog Breeds In The World A to Z (October 2021).