Origins and characteristics of Guanaco
Species: V. vicugna Molina 1782
The Vicuna is one of the four species of South American camelids; the others are lalpaca, guanaco and llama (Lama guanicoe Muller 1776 - Guanaco; Lama glama Linnaeus 1758 - Lama; Vicugna vicugna Molina 1782 - Vicuna; Vicugna pacos Linnaeus 1758 - Alpaca. These species were bred not only for their value such as pack animals, but also to obtain meat and wool.
The arrival of the Spanish rulers led to a decline in cameliculture as wars and then lack of interest led to their indiscriminate killing for food purposes; in addition, the importation of other types of cattle (cattle, horses, sheep, etc.) meant that the camelids were relegated to the areas at higher altitudes, in particular on the Andean highlands, where they are still bred.
The vicuña wool was used by the ancient Incas to weave the king's robes (subjects were in fact forbidden to wear clothing made with this particular wool).
Height at the withers: 70-110 cm
Average weight: 40 - 60 kg
The back, neck, head and front of the legs are reddish, while the chest and back of the legs are white.
Vicuna - Vicugna vicugna (photo www.ecosystema.ru)