Information

Breed standard - FIAV

Breed standard - FIAV

Origin, diffusion and economic characteristics

American breed originating in New York State, in the late 19th century.
There are many breeds used in the cross and different according to the variety (among others we mention Cocincina, Sebright, Hamburg, Brahama, Livorno).
Rustic and sociable breed.
Good laying hen (reddish shell eggs). Yellow skin.

Morphological characteristics

There are numerous varieties allowed in the Italian Standard: Silver Black Edged, Barred, White, White Columbia, Blue, Silver Neck, Gold Neck, Fulva, Fulva Columbia, Black, Black Speckled White, Gold Edged White, Gold Edged Blue, Gold Edged Black , Perniciata Silver Black Shirts, Perniciata Black Shirts, Red, Tricolor.
Short and wide head with small pink crest with rear appendage. Long and round wattles. Wide abdomen and buttocks.
Wide and short tail. Short yellow legs with strong and large tarsi.

Medium weight:
- Roosters 3,4 - 3,8 kg
- Hens 2.5 - 2.9 kg

There is also the ornamental dwarf variety, an excellent hen, easy to reproduce that best adapts to the different types of breeding, from the rural one with large open spaces to the more limited one in a cage.

Wyandotte reticulate silver coloration and columbia coloration

Silver reticulated Wyandotte (photo Egidio Fanelli)

Rooster and Wyandotte hens Silver reticulated dwarf (photo http://rarepoultry.net)

I - GENERALITIES
Origin: Selected in the U.S. and officially recognized as a breed in 1883. It has been present in Europe since 1890.
Egg
Minimum weight g. 60
Shell color: dark brown:
Ring
Rooster: 20
Hen: 18

II - TYPE AND ADDRESSES FOR THE SELECTION
Medium-heavy, docile chicken with harmonious and rounded shapes. The back line is raised, the pink ridge. Select subjects with early development. Maintain good productivity of both meat and eggs.

III - STANDARD
General appearance and characteristics of the breed
1- FORM
Trunk: well rounded, voluminous, wide and deep. Horizontal habit.
Head: medium size, rounded, wide and short.
Beak: short, well arched, strong. From yellow to horn-colored.
Eyes: large, expressive, orange red.
Crest: pink, medium large, well implanted, without recesses and finely pearly; wide and full in front it narrows behind with the spine that follows the line of the nape.
Bargigli: medium length, well rounded, fine texture, red.
Face: smooth, red, fluff-free with fine skin.
Mumps: medium large, elongated, fine texture, red.
Neck: short to medium, strong, slightly arched, with abundant cape that covers the shoulders well.
Shoulders: wide and rounded.
Back: medium short, wide up to the rump which is well feathered. And carried slightly raised, it rises from the base of the cape to the tail.
Wings: short, well-tightened to the body, horizontal spans.
Tail: short, wide and open, rather short and well arched sickle-shaped, medium-high capacity. In the hen the helmsmen are wide and tense and should not be completely hidden by the coverts.
Chest: wide and full, rounded, carried rather low.
Legs: medium length legs, not very evident and with little swollen plumage. Medium length tarsi, strong, featherless, yellow. Four fingers.
Belly: wide and deep, with the back well developed.
Skin: yellow.
2 - WEIGHTS
ROOSTER: Kg. 3,4-3,8
HEN: Kg. 2,5-2,9
Serious defects:
Lack of roundness, too swollen or too hard plumage; long beak; small or coarse crest, with too pronounced or absent pearling, raised spine; falling wings; back too long or narrow; poor chest; poor, drooping tail; in the hen helmsman completely hidden by the coverts.
3 - PLUMAGE
Conformation: Wide and well-rounded feathers, soft, well-fitting to the body, without cushions.

IV - COLORS

BLACK RIM SILVER
COCK
Head: white. Cape: silver white with black flame that has a white spear in the center. Back, shoulders and wing covers: silver white with sketched black edging, not forming sooty spots. (Uniform white back constitutes a defect). Lanceolate of the rump: silver white with black flame that has a white spear in the center. Large wing coverts: silver white with marked black hemming, they form distinct bands. Primary remiges: black inside and white outside. Secondary remiges: black on the inside and white with slight black edging on the outside. Chest: each pen is white edged with bright black (the edging must go around the whole pen, be rounded and not spear-shaped). Belly and legs: white with very pronounced black edging. Tail: black with, green reflections. Duvet: dark gray.
HEN
Head: white. Cape: silver white with large black flame more pronounced than in the rooster, in the center of each pen a white spear. Plumage in general: silver white, each pen large, wide and rounded with a uniform black border. Tail: black.
Serious defects:
Rooster - impure or too sooty color, slight yellow shades on the back are not a serious defect. Cape too dark, rust on the cape or on the lanceolate of the rump, white sickle-shaped.
In both sexes - opaque or gray, coarse or shaded hemming, half moons or hemming present only on the tip of the pen; moss or pepper on the white parts; gray legs; too light down jacket.

STRIPED
ROOSTER AND HEN
Plumage in general: each pen has a bar pattern where black and light gray alternate regularly. The pen ends with a black tip. In the rooster's cape, the bars appear herringbone. In the rooster the black and light gray bars are of equal width, in the hen the black bars are wider and therefore appear, on the whole, darker. Down jacket: keeps the design.
Serious defects:
shaded drawing; yellow, gray or brown in black lines; presence of rust. In the sickle-white cock. More than a few black pens; coarse or wide design; down jacket without drawing.

WHITE
ROOSTER AND HEN
Plumage in general: pure bright white. Duvet: white
Serious defects:
yellowish reflections, other colored feathers, lack of brilliance.

BIANCA COLUMBIA
ROOSTER AND HEN
Head: white. Cape: silver white with black flame. Plumage in general: white. Lanceolate of the rump: white, tolerate slight black flames. Primary and secondary remiges: black inside and white outside. Tail: in the black rooster with green reflections, a slight white border on the large sickles is tolerated, white border on the small sickles is desirable. In the hen black tail coverts with white edging, black helmsman. Duvet: light gray.
Serious defects:
black feathers on the back, impure background color or with black spots, bronzed reflections, black flames too pronounced on the lanceolate of the cock's croup.

BLUE
ROOSTER AND HEN
Plumage in general: uniform blue, unedged. Head, cape, back, coverts of the wings and lanceolate of the rump of the rooster are darker up to black velvet. Cape of the dark blue hen. Duvet: light gray.
Serious defects:
soot, mold or stains. Green or white brilliance on the tail.

SILVER NECK
COCK
Head: white. Cape: silver white with black flame with green reflections. Back, shoulders and wing covers: pure white. Lanceolate of the rump: silver white with black flame with green reflections. Large wing coverts: black with green reflections. Primary remiges: black with white external margin. Secondary remiges: black inside, white outside, (white wing triangle). Chest: black. Belly and legs: black. Tail: black with green reflections. Duvet: grayish.
HEN
Head: white. Cape: silver white with large black flame more pronounced than in the rooster. Plumage in general: uniform light gray color with fine black peppering. Chest: lighter than the rest of the plumage and with slight hints. Belly and legs: gray. Tail: black.
Serious defects:
Rooster - chest and legs dotted with white, yellowish reflections; absence of flames.
Hen - background color too light or unequal, presence of lighter hemming; brown highlights; no or little pronounced flames of the cape; presence of colar salmon on the breast.

GOLD NECK
COCK
Head: golden brown. Cape: golden brown with black flame with green reflections. Back, shoulders and wing coverings: carmine red. Lanceolate of the rump: golden brown with black flame with green reflections. Primary remiges: black with brown outer margin. Secondary remiges: black inside, brown outside, (triangle of the brown wing). Duvet: grayish.
HEN
Head: golden brown. Cape: golden brown with large black flame more pronounced than in the rooster. Plumage in general: uniform dark brown color with fine black peppering. Belly and legs: gray brown. Tail: black.
Serious defects:
Rooster - chest and legs dotted with brown; absence of flames, red on the cape and lanceolate of the rump; white on the tail or remiges; black in the wing triangle. Hen - background color too light or too dark or unequal, presence of lighter hemming; no or little pronounced flames of the cape; salmon breast.

tawny
ROOSTER AND HEN
Plumage in general: uniform fawn yellow. In the rooster the cape, the lanceolate of the rump and the coverts of the very bright wings; tail with bronze shades allowed. Duvet: fawn, admitted slightly lighter.
Serious defects:
in both sexes - too red, straw or spotted plumage; drawing in the cape, remiges or helmsman; white duvet; whitish parts in the helmsmen and remiges; white spine.

FULVA COLUMBIA
ROOSTER AND HEN
Head: tawny. Cape: tawny with black flame. Plumage in general: fawn. Lanceolate of the rump: tawny, tolerate slight black flames. Primary and secondary remiges: black inside and fawn outside. Tail: in the black rooster with green reflections, a light tawny edging on large sickles is tolerated, tawny edging on small sickles is desirable. In the hen black tail coverts with tawny edging, the helmsman is black. Duvet: light yellow.
Serious defects:
black feathers on the back, background color too light or tending to brown, reflections bronzed black flames too pronounced on the lanceolate of the croup of the rooster.

BLACK
ROOSTER AND HEN
Plumage in general: bright black, rich in green reflections. Duvet: dark gray.
Serious defects:
red shades on the cape and on the tips of the feathers, opaque plumage, without reflections; presence of white or colors other than black.

BLACK STAINED WHITE
ROOSTER AND HEN
Plumage in general: bright black with green reflections. Some pens with a white-stained V-shaped tip form a design as regular as possible. In the rooster the design is less marked than in the hen and therefore as a whole appears darker. Duvet: dark gray.
Serious defects:
white tap too pronounced, remiges with predominant white on the background color; white tail feathers; absence of green reflections; lack of tapping.

WHITE RINGED GOLD
COCK
Head: golden brown. Cape: golden brown with white flame that has a golden spear in the center. Back, shoulders and wing covers: golden brown with sketched white edging, not forming sooty spots. (Uniform golden brown back is a defect). Lanceolate of the rump: golden brown with white flame that has a golden spear in the center. Large wing coverts: golden brown with marked white edging, they form distinct bands. Primary remiges: white inside and golden brown outside. Secondary remiges: white inside and golden brown with light white edging outside. Chest: each pen is golden brown with white edging (edging must go around the whole pen, be rounded and not spear-shaped). Belly and legs: golden brown with very pronounced white edging. Tail: white. Duvet: cream.
HEN
Head: golden brown. Cape: golden brown with large white flame more pronounced than in the rooster, in the center of each pen a golden spear. Plumage in general: golden brown, each feather large, wide and rounded with a uniform white border. Tail: white.
Serious defects:
Rooster - impure color, too light cape; black sickles. In both sexes - opaque or gray, coarse or shaded hemming, half moons or hemming present only on the tip of the pen; background color too light; gray legs.

BLUE RINGED GOLD
COCK
Head: golden brown. Cape: golden brown with blue flame that has a golden spear in the center. Back, shoulders and wing covers: golden brown with sketched blue edging, not forming sooty spots. Lanceolate of the rump: golden brown with blue flame that has a golden spear in the center. Large wing coverts: golden brown with marked blue edging, they form distinct bands. Primary remiges: blue inside and golden brown outside. Secondary remiges: blue inside and golden brown with light blue edging outside. Chest: each pen is golden brown with blue edging (edging must go around the whole pen, be rounded and not spear-shaped). Belly and legs: golden brown with very pronounced blue edging. Tail: blue. Duvet: light gray.
HEN
Head: golden brown. Cape: golden brown with large blue flame more pronounced than in the rooster, in the center of each pen a golden spear. Plumage in general: golden brown, each feather large, wide and rounded with a uniform blue border. Tail: blue.
Serious defects:
Rooster - impure color, too light cape; black sickles.
In both sexes - opaque or too light, coarse or shaded hemming, half moons or hemming present only on the tip of the pen; background color too light; gray legs.

BLACK RIM GOLD
COCK
Head: golden brown. Cape: golden brown with black flame that has a golden spear in the center. Back, shoulders and wing covers: golden brown with sketched black edging, not forming sooty spots. Lanceolate of the rump: golden brown with black flame that has a golden spear in the center. Large wing coverts: golden brown with marked black hemming, they form distinct bands. Primary remiges: black inside and golden brown outside. Secondary remiges: black inside and golden brown with light black edging outside, Chest: each pen is golden brown edged with black (the edging must go around the whole pen, be rounded and not spear-shaped). Belly and legs: golden brown with very pronounced black edging. Tail: black with green reflections. Duvet: fawn gray.
HEN
Head: golden brown. Cape: golden brown with large black flame more pronounced than in the rooster, in the center of each pen a golden spear. Plumage in general: golden brown, each feather large, wide and rounded with uniform black edging. Secondary remiges: black inside and golden brown with light black edging outside. Tail: black.
Serious defects:
Rooster - impure color, too light cape.
In both sexes - opaque or too light, coarse or shaded hemming, half moons or hemming present only on the tip of the pen; background color too light; gray legs.

PERNICATED SILVER BLACK SHIRTS
COCK
Head: white. Cape: silver white with black flame with green reflections which has a white spear in the center. Back, shoulders and wing covers: silver white. Large wing coverts: black with green reflections (black wing band), permissible hemming. Primary remiges: black with external margin
White. Secondary remiges: black inside and white outside form the triangle of white. Chest: black with small white hems at the tip of the feathers. Belly and legs: black with small white hems at the tip of the feathers. Duvet: dark slate.
HEN
Head: white. Plumage in general: from blue gray to steel with multiple black drawings that follow the shape of the pen; the spine follows the color of the design. Primary and secondary remiges: black inside and gray outside. Tail: black, except for the two upper helmsmen which should be gray with drawing.
Serious defects:
Gallo - brown or yellowish reflections; no drawing on the chest.
Hen - brown reflections, absence of drawing or not very pronounced drawing; impure or sooty background color; absence of flames on the cape.

PERNICATED BLACK SWEATERS
COCK
Head: golden brown. Cape: golden brown with black flame with green reflections that has a golden spear in the center. Large wing coverts: black with green reflections (black wing band). Primary remiges: black with brown outer margin. Secondary remiges: black inside and brown golden outside form the triangle of the brown wing. Chest: black with small brown edges at the tip of the feathers. Belly and legs: black with small brown hemmings at the tip of the feathers. Duvet: dark gray.
HEN
Head: golden brown. Plumage in general: intense and uniform golden brown with multiple black drawings that follow the shape of the pen. Primary and secondary remiges: black inside and brown outside. Tail: black, except the two upper helmsmen who should be brown with a drawing.
Serious defects:
Rooster - no drawing on the chest, white feathers on the wings or tail.
Hen - absence of drawing or not very pronounced drawing; impure or sooty background color; absence of flames on the cape.

RED
ROOSTER AND HEN
Plumage in general: bright dark brown red. Duvet: red.
Serious defects:
a lot of soot in the duvet, traces of white in the helmsmen and in the remiges; traces of black in the cape and lanceolate of the rump.

TRICOLOR
ROOSTER AND HEN
Plumage in general: basic brown color, each pen ends with a black triangle-shaped spot with a white dot at the end. The background color of the hen is slightly lighter. The remiganti are brown with black inside and white tip; the sickles and helmsmen are black with white tips; slightly larger white allowed. Duvet: gray.
Serious defects:
white pearl too intense in young subjects; lack of brown on the breast of the roosters; base color faded; many white feathers; colar brass cape; too white on feathers and tail feathers.


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