Information

Breeds of chickens: Bantam

Breeds of chickens: Bantam

Origin, diffusion and economic characteristics

The Bantam or Rosecomb (also known by the name of Java) is a splendid authentic dwarf, among the oldest dwarf breeds. Probably originally from the Sunda Islands. The black and white varieties are the original ones.
Selected in England. It is bred for ornamental purposes. Watchful and attentive. Very delicate animal.

Morphological characteristics

Head with characteristic crest
Medium head with rose-shaped crest, moved frontally and with a rear appendage raised and detached from the nape; large white mumps.
Short and curved beak; wide and rounded wattles; neck with abundant cape.
Wide and abundant tail.
White to cream eggs weighing 30 grams.
Medium weight:
- Gauls 0.6 - 0.65 kg
- Hens kg 0,5 - 0,55
The original varieties are two: with black coat and with white coat. Other selected varieties are Gold Neck, Silver Neck, Blue Edged, Blue Gold Neck, Orange Neck, Birch, Fawn Black Columbia and White Black Columbia. The latest varieties selected are the Sellata Rosso, the Blu Collo Argento, the Tricolore Perniciato and the Rossa.

Black Bantam breed rooster and hen (photo website)

Black Bantam breed rooster (website photo)

Breed standard - FIAV

I - GENERALITIES
Origin: Sunda Islands. Selected in England.
Egg
Minimum weight gr. 30
Shell color: white to cream.
Ring
Rooster: 11
Hen: 9

II - TYPE AND ADDRESSES FOR THE SELECTION
Authentic dwarf chicken with a graceful posture, but lively and full of temperament. Dwarf breed characterized by large enamel white mumps and the typical rose ridge ending in a straight spine. Select subjects with abundant and well-arched sickles.

III - STANDARD
General appearance and characteristics of the breed
1- FORM
Trunk: short, compact and wide, slightly inclined.
Head: small, rounded with skull and broad forehead
Beak: short, strong and wide hanging, slightly curved.
Eyes: bright, large and prominent, varying in color depending on the color of the plumage.
Crest: rose, red, finely pearly, wide and square in front, ending with a long, straight, conical spine that detaches itself horizontally from the nape of the neck.
Bargigli: well rounded, red.
Face: red, smooth and without hair.
Mumps: large, round, smooth and thick; pure white with bright enamel reflections.
Neck: medium length, arched with abundant cape covering the shoulders.
Shoulders: wide, slightly rounded.
Back: short, wide, with well rounded line. Abundant rump lanceolate.
Wings: medium length, wide, snug, open and drooping spans to cover the upper half of the legs; in the hen take a little higher.
Tail: long, wide and medium-high capacity, with wide and rounded helms, open flow. Long, well-arched sickles, with rounded lapice. In the hen it is carried slightly open and a little lower.
Chest: wide, full, prominent, carried high.
Legs: legs not very evident because partially covered by wings. Short, fine, round, featherless tarsi of different colors depending on the color of the plumage; four fingers.
Belly: moderately developed.
White skin.
2 - WEIGHTS
ROOSTER: Kg. 0,60-0,65
HEN: Kg. 0,50-0,55
Special advantages:
Large mumps, pure white with well rounded edges. Well developed tail, with abundant sickles.
Serious defects:
Massive subject, absence of elegance and temperament; mumps too small, bluish or spotted; face with white traces; spine of the ridge facing downwards; long back or with too narrow angles; poor tail; pointed sickles.
3 - PLUMAGE
Conformation: wide and close-fitting feathers, long, well-arched sickle-shaped, abundant tail.

IV - COLORS

BIRCH
COCK
Head: white. Cape: silver white with well-marked black flames. Back, shoulders and wing covers: silver white. Lanceolate of the rump: silver white with black flames. Large wing coverts: black with green reflections originate the wing band. Primary and secondary remiges: black with green reflections. Chest: black, each pen up to about half of the goiter is finely edged with silver white (the edging must go around the whole pen, be rounded and not spear-shaped). Legs: black. Tail: black with green reflections. Down jacket: from dark gray to black. Eyes: red / brown. Beak: dark gray. Tarsi: dark gray.
HEN
Head: white. Cape: silver white with large black flame. Plumage in general: black. Primary and secondary remiges: black. Chest: black, each pen up
about halfway through; goiter is finely edged with silver white (the edging must go around the whole pen, be rounded and not spear-shaped). Legs: black
Serious defects:
in both sexes - black head, chest design extending over the belly and legs; pens with white spine in the chest, chest completely black. Hen - edging in the feathers of the back and in the coverts of the wings.

WHITE
GALLO and GALLINA
Plumage in general: pure white, brighter in the cock. Duvet: white. Eyes: orange red. Beak: light horn. Tarsi: whitish.
Serious defects:
Strong yellow reflections; eye color too dark; pens of other color.

BIANCA COLUMBIA
GALLO and GALLINA
Head: white. Cape: white with black flames with green reflections. Plumage in general: white. Lanceolate of the rump: white, light black flames allowed. Primary and secondary remiges: black inside and white outside. In the rooster, white edging on the small sickles is desirable; in the hen coverts edged in white, the two large upper coverts admitted edged in white. Duvet: white, admitted light gray. Tarsi: whitish.
Serious defects:
yellowish reflections; black feathers on the back and shoulders of the hen; tail with too much white; flames too marked in the croup of the rooster.

BLUE GOLD COLLAR
COCK
Head: golden brown. Cape: golden with blue flames. Back, shoulders and wing covers: red / gold. Lanceolate of the rump: yellow / gold with blue flames. Large wing coverts: blue (wing band). Primary remiges: blue with narrow brown rim on the outside. Secondary remiges: blue inside and brunettes outside form the wing triangle. Chest: blue without traces of brown, narrow darker border allowed. Belly and legs: blue, narrow darker hemming allowed. Tail: dark blue. Duvet: gray. Tarsi: white.
HEN
Head: brown / golden. Cape: yellow / gold with large black flames more pronounced than in the rooster. Plumage in general: brown / light gold with regularly distributed fine blue peppering; clear spine. Primary remiges: blue with narrow peppery brown outer edge. Secondary remiges: blue inside and peppery brown outside. Breast: salmon. Belly and legs: brown gray. Tail: blue gray.
Serious defects
Gallo - too dark cape, with yellowish or reddish brown reflections; lack of flames; brown tracks on the chest and legs; the helmsman's brown spine; very blue in the wing triangle.
Hen - cape too light; background color too reddish; absence of light color in the spine; pale or very blue chest; strong groupings of the peppery in the plumage and in the secondary remiges; wing coverts with strong rust traces.

BLUE BRAIDED
ROOSTER AND HEN
Plumage in general: uniform blue, each feather edged with dark blue. In the rooster head, cape, coverts of the wings and lanceolate of the rump are darker until they arrive
black velvet. Cape of the hen a little darker than the rest of the plumage. Duvet: blue. Eyes: red / dark. Beak: slate. Tarsi: slate.
Serious defects
Soot, mold or other colored spots, lack of hemming; shades of blue too dark or too light.

ORANGE COLLAR
COCK
Head: dark orange. Cape: · soft orange with black flames with green reflections. Back, shoulders and wing covers: red / dark orange. Lanceolate of the rump: yellow / orange with black flames. Large wing coverts: black with green reflections (wing band). Primary remiges: black with narrow whitish orange rim on the outside. Secondary remiges: black inside and pale yellow outside form the triangle of the yellow wing, brown traces allowed. Chest: black without traces of brown. Belly and legs: black. Tarsi: whitish.
HEN
Head: orange. Cape: soft orange with large black flames more pronounced than in the rooster. Plumage in general: uniform light brown with fine black pepper regularly distributed; pale yellow spine. Primary remiges: black with narrow peppery light brown outer edge. Secondary remiges: black internal part, peppery light brown external part. Tail: dark brownish gray.
Serious defects
Rooster - too dark or gold-colored cape and croup; lack of flames on the cape and croup; chest, legs and belly drawn in orange; very brown in the wing triangle; white spine in the helmsman.
Hen - gold or too dark mantle; dark brown plumage; too pale chest; too bright plumage; rachis not evident; peppering combined with patches or stripes in the plumage or in the secondary remiges; strong rust color in the wing coverts.

SILVER NECK
COCK
Head: silver white. Cape: silver white with black flames with green reflections. Back, shoulders and wing covers: white. Primary remiges: black with narrow white rim on the outside. Secondary remiges: black inside and white outside form the wing triangle. Chest: black without traces of white. Tarsi: white.
HEN
Head: white. Cape: silver white with large black flames more pronounced than in the rooster. Plumage in general: uniform silver gray with fine black peppering regularly distributed; white spine. Primary remiges: black with narrow peppery gray external border. Secondary remiges: black inside and peppery gray outside. Tail: dark gray.
Serious defects
Gallo - intense yellow nuances, absence of black flames; brown in the shoulders and back; white traces in the chest, legs and belly; white spine visible in the feathers of the tail. Hen - brown shades in the head; cape too light or brownish; too pale chest; too bright plumage; absence of white coloration of the spine; peppery spots or streaks in the plumage and in the secondary remiges; rust on the wing coverts.

GOLD NECK
COCK
Head: brown / golden. Cape: golden with black flames with green reflections. Lanceolate of the rump: yellow / gold with black flame. Primary remiges: black with narrow brown rim on the outside. Secondary remiges: black inside
Lombard Avicoltori Association - www.ala-avicoltori.it - ​​[email protected]
Source: Italian Standard for Poultry Breeds - FIAV - www.fiav.info
and brunettes outside form the triangle of the brown wing. Duvet: dark gray. Eyes: red / orange. Tarsi: whitish.
HEN
Head: brown / golden. Cape: brown / golden with large black flame more pronounced than in the rooster. Plumage in general: uniform dark brown with fine black pepper regularly distributed; clear spine. Primary remiges: black with narrow peppery brown outer edge. Secondary remiges: black inside and peppery brown outside. Breast: intense salmon. Belly and legs: gray / brown. Tail: dark brownish gray.
Serious defects
Gallo - cape colar straw or too dark; lack of flames; brown tracks on the chest and legs; the helmsman's brown spine.
Hen - background color too light or with greenish reflections; chest color too pale; absence of light color in the spine; strong groupings of the peppery in the plumage and in the secondary remiges; wing coverts with strong rust traces; violet reflections in the tail.

tawny
GALLO and GALLINA
Plumage in general: intense and uniform fawn. In the rooster cape, coverts of the wings, lanceolate of the rump very bright. Tail with minimal black spraying allowed. Duvet: light fawn. Tarsi: whitish.
Serious defects
Plumage too red, straw or spotted; white duvet; whitish parts on helmsmen and remiges; white spine.

FULVA WHITE PEARLS
COCK
Head: tawny. Cape: intense fawn with narrow flames and white tips. Back, shoulders and wing coverts: intense fawn, white pearlescent allowed in adult subjects. Lanceolate of the rump: tawny with narrow flames and white tips. Large wing coverts: fawn with white pearls (wing band). Primary remiges: mainly white with fawn outer edge. Secondary remiges: white on the inside and on the tips, fawn on the outside (triangle of the intense fawn wing with a pearl design that descends diagonally). Chest, belly and legs: intense fawn with white pearl on the tips of the feathers. Tail: white, black spraying allowed. Beak: whitish. Tarsi: whitish.
HEN
Head: tawny. Cape: tawny with flames and white tips. Plumage in general: uniform fawn with white pearls, as round as possible, on the tip of the feathers. Tail: mainly white with tawny shades at the base.
Serious defects
in both sexes - background color too light, too red or strongly irregular; strong shades or irregular arrangement of pearls; too large flames in the cape; white in the external part of the secondary remiges; strong black sprays.

FULVA COLUMBIA
ROOSTER AND HEN
Head: tawny. Cape: tawny with black flames. Plumage in general: homogeneous fawn. Lanceolate of the rump: tawny, light black flames allowed. Primary and secondary remiges: black inside and fawn outside. In the rooster it is desirable the tawny edging on the small sickles; in the hen black coverlets edged with fawn, the two large upper coverts admitted edged with fawn. Duvet: fawn, gray allowed. Tarsi: whitish.
Serious defects
in both sexes - background color too light, patchy or reddish (slightly reddish tone is allowed in the coverts of the wings of the rooster); brown wing triangle. In the rooster falciate streaked with fawn.

WILDFLOWER
COCK
Head: golden. Cape: golden with minimal black flames, small black spot with regular white pearls on the tip (barely hinted at in young subjects). Back, shoulders and wing covers: golden red, small white sprays allowed in adult roosters. Lanceolate of the rump: golden with minimal black flames, small black spot with regular white pearls on the tip. Large wing coverts: dark gold yellow with black pearl as round as possible and white notch on the tip (wing band). Primary remiges: black with dark gold yellow outer margin, white tips in adult subjects. Secondary remiges: black inside and dark gold yellow outside, in adult roosters black tip with white pearl (triangle of the wing yellow gold with black design and white pearl diagonally). Chest, belly and legs: dark gold yellow with final black pearl as round and bright as possible with a white notch on the apex (the white part is more pronounced in old subjects). Tail: black with green reflections, in adults white tips at the end of the feathers. Beak: horn. Tarsi: whitish.
HEN
Head: golden. Cape: light golden with black flames and regular white pearls on the tip. Plumage in general: dark golden yellow, each pen with a final black pearl surmounted at the apex by a white notch. Secondary remiges: black on the inside and dark gold yellow on the outside, in adults black tip with white pearl (golden yellow triangle of the wing with black design and white pearl diagonally). Tail: black with white pearls on the tips of the helmsman.
Serious defects
in both sexes - clay, brown or peppery background color; coarse pattern covering the background color, or missing in areas, or in the shape of a hem; absence of the design on the wing bands; young animals with coarse or completely white pearlescent; remiges and helmsman mainly white or interspersed with a lot of white.

MILLEFIORI LEMON
COCK
Head: lemon yellow. Cape: lemon yellow with minimal black flames, small black spot with regular white pearlescent on the tip (barely mentioned in young subjects). Back, shoulders and wing covers: intense yellow, small white sprays allowed in adult roosters. Lanceolate of the rump: lemon yellow with minimal black flames, small black spot with regular white pearls on the tip. Large wing coverts: lemon yellow with black pearl as round as possible and white notch on the tip (wing band). Primary remiges: black with yellow external margin, white in adult subjects. Secondary remiges: black inside and dark lemon yellow outside, in adult roosters black tip with white pearl (lemon yellow triangle with black design and white pearl diagonally). Chest, belly and legs: lemon yellow with final black pearl as round and bright as possible with a white notch on the apex, (the white part is sharper in old subjects). Down jacket: blue gray. Tarsi: whitish.
HEN
Head: lemon. Cape: light lemon yellow with black flames and regular white pearls on the tip. Plumage in general: lemon yellow, each pen with a final black pearl surmounted at the apex by a white notch. Primary remiges: black with yellow external margin, white tips in adult subjects. Secondary remiges: black inside and lemon yellow outside, in adults black tip with white pearl (triangle of the lemon yellow wing with black design and white pearl diagonally). Tail: black with white pearls on the tips of the helmsman.
Serious defects
in both sexes - background color too pale, irregular, opaque or too dark; red wing coverts; coarse pattern covering the background color, or missing in areas, or in the shape of a hem; absence of the design on the wing bands; young animals with coarse or completely white pearlescent; remiges and helmsman mainly white or interspersed with a lot of white. In the red back rooster.

BLACK
ROOSTER AND HEN
Plumage in general: bright black, rich in green reflections. Down jacket: black. Eyes: red / brown. Beak: black. Tarsi: black.
Serious defects
Opaque plumage or with violet reflections; absence of green reflections in the rooster. Other color pens; too light or blackish eyes; too clear legs in young subjects.

BLACK STAINED WHITE
ROOSTER AND HEN
Plumage in general: bright black with green reflections. Several pens have a V-shaped white-spotted tip. Pattering should be as uniform as possible. Large wing coverts: black with well-formed white spot (wing band). Primary and secondary remiges: black with white tip (black wing triangle with white diagonal design), up to two white primary remigers per wing are allowed. In the rooster the design is less marked than in the hen and therefore as a whole appears darker. Beak: dark horn. Tarsi: whitish with dark spots.
Serious defects
in both sexes - lack of green highlights; too many white remiges; poor pearl; presence of purple streaks; too heavy pearl in young subjects.

ORANGE BREAST
COCK
Head: orange. Cape: from lemon to orange with black flames. Back, shoulders and wing covers: brass yellow. Lanceolate of the rump: from lemon to orange with well marked black flames. Chest: black, each pen up to about half of the magpie is finely edged with lemon (the edging must go around the whole pen, be rounded and not spear-shaped). Tarsi: dark slate.
HEN
Head: orange. Cape: from lemon to orange with large black flames. Chest: black, each pen up to about half of the goiter is edged with lemon (the edging must go around the whole pen, be rounded and not spear-shaped). Legs: black.
Serious defects
in both sexes - black head, chest design extending over the belly and legs; pens with lemon rachis in the chest, chest completely black. Hen - edging in the feathers of the back and in the coverts of the wings.

WILD
COCK
Head: red / brown. Cape: red / brown with black flames with green reflections. Back, shoulders and wing covers: dark red / brown. Lanceolate of the rump: red / brown with black flame. Secondary remiges: black inside and brown outside form the triangle of the dark brown wing. Chest: black. Eyes: dark red. Beak: blue gray. Tarsi: blue gray.
HEN
Black head. Cape: black with fine and narrow brown edging. Plumage in general: brown with abundant black peppery with green reflections, each pen with narrow black edging and yellowish rachis. Breast: intense salmon, feathers on the sides with a black sprinkled hem. Tail: black.
Serious defects
Gallo - cape and croup too light with scarce or barely hinted flames; black shoulders and black wing triangle; chest, legs and belly with pattern.
Hen - grayish plumage; black edging too large and coarse; brown hemming; hemming of the cape too wide or too light; rachis not evident; inhomogeneity in peppering.

SPARVIERO
ROOSTER AND HEN
Plumage in general: on the black background a light blue bar is drawn which is not too precise, slightly arched and arranged with regular alternation on the whole pen. Rachis barred slightly like a pen. The hen is, in general, darker than the rooster. Duvet: weakly designed like the rest of the plumage. Tarsi: whitish, dark spots allowed.
Serious defects
White or black extended on remiges or sickles; drawing too light or too dark; lack of design on the duvet.


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